• home link.
  • steps to recovery link.
  • healthy living link.
  • daily living link.
  • sci research link.
  • rehab adventures living link.
  • spinalpedia link.

Determined2Heal helps simplify the transition into life with paralysis. We provide information and advice for people with spinal cord injuries, their families and friends, as well as rehabilitative adventures. Get started in the Steps to Recovery Section.

Watch our Welcome Video

(click here for the transcript)

News and Announcements

Low Cost Epidural Stimulation on the Horizon

Epidural stimulation is the darling of the spinal cord injury research world. The only drawback is that it’s expensive to have a stimulator implanted, which costs approx. $18,000. A new analysis has revealed that external epidural stimulation, which is significantly less expensive, can return leg function as long as three electrodes are used in a specific configuration. Learn more

Advanced Epidural Stimulation Helps Paraplegic Walk Naturally

Gert-Jan Oskam, 40, paralyzed at age 28 in a cycling accident, is walking post-injury thanks to a new method of spinal cord stimulation. Building on an already existing treatment, this new method of spinal cord simulation gives the recipient more control over the movement, resulting in a more natural gait. Learn more

Mature Neurons Grown by Scientists

Thanks to the discovery of “dancing molecules” last year at Northwestern University, researchers for the first time have been able to take pluripotent stem cells and turn them into mature neuron cells (with enhanced signaling capabilities) that could one day be transplanted into the spinal cords of people with spinal cord injuries. Learn more

Five People to Take Part in 3D Nerve Bridge Trial

The Perry Cross Foundation and Griffith University in Australia are gearing up for exciting things in spinal cord injury research in 2023. They’re currently searching for five individuals with chronic spinal cord injuries to take part in their groundbreaking trial utilizing a 3D nerve bridge, which will includes the patient’s own stem cells added to the bridge to encourage nerve growth. The participants will undergo intensive rehabilitation as well, including FES, for 16 weeks. Learn more

Swiss Researchers Pinpoint Neurons Responsible for Walking

Researchers now know exactly why electrical stimulation therapy works on people with complete spinal cord injuries thanks to a machine learning algorithm. It was able to identify the exact neurons responsible for leg movement and other movement initiated from the electrical stimulation. Researchers hope to utilize this knowledge to help people gain even more return after their injuries. Read more

Scientists Discover Molecule That Activates Regrowth of Nerve Axons

Researchers at Imperial College London announced they discovered a molecule, TTK21, that has the ability to promote regrowth of neurons in injured spinal cords (in mice). Given an injection of the molecule on a weekly basis, not only did neuronal regrowth occur, there was an increase in synapses which are needed for neuronal transmission. This marks the first time scientists have discovered such a molecule that has this highly sought-after ability. The mice in this study however did not regain the ability to walk. Researchers plan to continue researching TTK21 with the goal of boosting it’s effects. Learn more

Cancer Drug Regenerates Nerves in Mice

Researchers in the UK have discovered that a new drug created to treat cancer by making tumors more sensitive to radiation also has the ability to promote nerve regeneration in mice. In their research, lab mice were given an oral dose of the drug, AZD1390, which promoted the nerve growth. The drug also stopped a biological response in the human body, the ATM protein kinase pathway, that prevents nerve recovery. Learn more

Respiratory Muscle Activation in People with Chronic Spinal Cord Injury

At the University of Louisville, researchers are utilizing their activity-based therapy, which has been helping people regain function via electro simulation for years, to specifically help high-level quadriplegics breathe again without ventilator assistance. See the latest on this research here.

Rutgers Researchers Use AI to Treat Paralysis

Researchers at Rutgers University working on U.S. National Science Foundation grants have stabilized Chondroitinase ABC, an enzyme that can reverse and regenerate tissue damage from spinal cord injuries. Using artificial intelligence and robotics, the team formulated therapeutic proteins that help repair damaged spinal cord tissue. Read more

Enhanced Epidural Stimulation Helps Patients Walk in 24 Hours

There has been a lot of talk about epidural simulation since it was first used on a man with a spinal cord injury in 2009. Fast-forward 13 years later, the STIMO trial in Switzerland has recently concluded, and thanks to a new method of epidural stimulation that was used (they stimulated a larger area), all three participants were able to walk or stand within 24 hours of the surgery. While this treatment is not yet ready for everyday use, it shows real hope is on the horizon. Read more

Click Your Level of Injury

Medical Disclaimer: The Determined2heal Foundation offers educational and health related information relevant to persons with spinal cord injuries, their families, and others of interest. The information contained herein on this site is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek advice from your physician or other qualified health professionals before implementing any new regiment concerning your individual health. Always seek the advice of your physician prior to starting or changing any medical or health treatment.

Links Disclaimer: The Determined2heal Foundation manages and updates information along with links to web sites around the world that contain spinal cord injury products and educational information. The links provided are not managed by the Determined2heal Foundation, and therefore, Determined2heal is not responsible for their content.

Copyright: All written information produced by the Determined2heal Foundation that is contained on this web site is protected under copyright laws. It is prohibited to copy in part or whole any written information from this web site to be posted on other web sites. Information that appears on this site is held by the publisher/developer of the material. Contact individual publisher/developer for permission to use their information.